Java Import Certificate Into Keystore Programmatically

The JDK stores trusted certificates in a file called a keystore. The instructions given in the Tomcat documentation cover the generation of a private and public key pair, the creation of a signing request, and the importation of the signed certificate into the keystore using keytool. cer keytool error: java. With the help of the keytool command, import the bundled p12 file into the keystore. – PKCS#7 (. Exception: Public keys in reply and keystore don't match I am a complete and total novice. \lib\security\cacerts Go through the prompts to import the certificate. cer) Importing the certificate in PKCS#7 is done with a single command:. pem) or in binary DER format (file extensions. To import an existing certificate into a JKS keystore, please. KeyStoreBuilder ; Customize the following java code, replace the static final Strings to fit in your needs. From the Tools menu, choose Import Trusted Certificate. Try the following: keytool -v -printcert -file /etc/ssl/certs/my-ca. Add your root certificate to cacerts so that the jarsigner program trusts it. import java. In the next step Import the certificate inside the JRE keystore, we’ll explain how to import the certificate of JKS format into the JRE. There will be a place to check certificates there, so you can verify whether the site and/or signer certificate is correct. crt -keystore secondkeystore. The Italic parts in the conversions below are examples of you own files,. A Java Keystore is a container for authorization certificates or public key certificates, and is often used by Java-based. Exporting the Private Key From a JKS Keystore A common problem faced when moving certificates and keys from tomcat to Apache web server is that keytool does not allow you to export the private key in the format that apache's modssl module requires. com, to the trusted keystore of the vSphere Web Client. I need to import the public/private keypair into the keystore. jks in this example). Java, PKCS12, keystore, tutorial. jks (2) Import a signed primary certificate to an existing Java. Now both the server and client trust each other because their respective certificates are issued by the CA’s they trust. 4) Use a program like KeyStoreExplorer to import the pair (private key and selfsigned certificate) in a new JKS. cer certificate file downloaded from browser (open the url and dig for details) into cacerts keystore in java_home\jre\lib\security worked for me, as opposed to attemps to generate and use my own keystore. The JDK stores trusted certificates in a file called a keystore. Assuming your certificate is called "file. How to install the trusted root into Java cacerts Keystore. But here my issue is client side security people wants to handle that through some interface, they dont know how to work with the keytool and in production noone. To import the certificate into the trust store, export the certificate to the CRT file and import the CA. cer file into a new file named truststore. This procedure uses a series of Java keytool commands to import these certificates into an existing keystore. Secret Key Import in Java Keystore by Key Replacement Method class which makes it possible to work with keystore file programmatically. Configuration of the AS Java Keystore Views for SSL To use SSL, the AS Java must possess a key pair which consists of a public key (distributed using a X. See SSL Certificate Installation :: Java Web Servers. Sample command is: java -cp not-yet-commons-ssl-0. cer privatekey. That's the way to use the certificate in a Java application. DEMO,EXAMPLE,KEYSTORE,JKS. How to Import Sun Certificates Into the Java Keystore. Windows Command Prompt (CMD) Shell In Visual Studio Code Integrated Terminal For using Windows Command prompt (CMD) as your shell, you will need to Type “cmd. CER file from keystore. Validate Java Keystore on BDA. Linux, MacOS and Unix $JAVA_HOME/bin/keytool -import -alias tomcat -file file. der This results in a keystore. Programmatically Import CA trust cert into existing keystore file without using keytool. The AS Java uses the ICM_SSL_ _ keystore views to store the key pair and trusted client certificates to use for SSL. Certificate into your cacerts keystore, using following command: -import -trustcacerts-keystore. jks -trustcacerts -alias intermediateca -file intermediateCA. InvocationTargetException" caused by "Caused by: java. FileInputStream; import java. The certificate must be in printable DER format (file extension. p7b If the certificate was imported successfully, you will see the message ‘ Certificate reply was installed in keystore ’. " export the private key and include all certificates in certificate path if possible. p12 has to be imported in Bi4. I follow this steps to renew the certificate but i can´t se the new certificate: 1- Generate the Keystore with this command: keytool -genkey -keystore SecretariatQA -keyalg RSA -sigalg md5withrsa. In some cases, we also need to: 3) Setting up a client certificate (pfx) in the Java. Easy method for importing PEM key and certificates into Java keystore with JDK6+. 01 SR5 and have a pay by phone application that uses SSL to communicate with our billing system. pem -keystore yourkeystore. You should see: “certificate reply. cer certificate into a java keystore Posted on September 22, 2014 September 22, 2014 by hb First let's have a short look at what those certificates are and what you need them for. So when my app installs itself, it needs a way to create a keystore, import the cert and help the user add the keystore and "grant" to their policy file. How to Install an SSL/TLS Certificate in Jetty Java HTTP Servlet Web Server The following instructions will guide you through the SSL installation process on Jetty Jave HTTP Servlet Web Server. From JSP to servlet Regarding importing pkcs12 file into keystore programmatically by uploading thru jsp (Security forum at Coderanch). keytool -import -alias -file -keystore Whereas, if you want to import a certificate chain whitout having the key in the keystore, keytool does not accept to import it in one shot and so you have to follow this method (or if the previous method did not work):. ECA-7480 - When creating an EndEntity in RA Web and delete_end_entity accessrule is disabled, the process ends incorrectly with success but end entity is not created. During my recent work, I had to deploy application end to end along with enabling security with SSL certificate. TOMCAT - Installing Intermediate CA Root & SSL certificate After the certificate is issued, download it and place it in the same folder as your keystore. Note: If you need to convert the encryption. Import the certificate file into Internet Explorer. The following commands assume you will be creating a new keystore file called my. When you are working with JAVA applications and JAVA based server, you may need to configure a Java key store (JKS) file. Copy the certificate file to the AR Server in which you want to import it into the keystore. This procedure uses a series of Java keytool commands to import these certificates into an existing keystore. Load the SSL certificate from a URL or a file. The need to "import" a certificate into the cacerts keystore is actually adding the identity of a new CA that you are claiming is trustworthy with regard to the JDK. The first RDS cert (from 2010) was released as a single certificate in a single file; but this new release is actually 10 separate new certificates (plus the old certificate) jammed into the same file. Programmatically Import CA trust cert into existing keystore file without using keytool. 0_13" the provided test description works for me. The keytool command comes with Java installation and its available in the bin directory of JAVA_HOME. How to import a private key into a java keystore. keytool -import -alias -keystore \. The keytool will inetrnally invoke sun. jks keystore with aliases both for glassfish-instance as well as s1as. Note that the alias here should be different from the alias used in steps 1 and 2. In order to use SSL you must provide a keystore of certificates that the server can use for encrypted communication with browsers. This applies to connections using HTTP (i. The certificate and key file are created in the following locations respectively. Remember > You can use same java code signing certificate in Multiple EBS instance. Note: If you need to convert the encryption. Laptops Always run a program in administrator mode in Windows 10. " export the private key and include all certificates in certificate path if possible. get it signed by a CA, import it back to the keyStoreto create the we will look into the usage of the Java cryptography APIs. Go to the JAVA_HOME\bin directory and run: keytool -importcert -file mycertfile. I'm trying to import a CA-signed certificate into a Java keystore. These links might also help. keytool -import -keystore keystore. 509 v1 self-signed certificate that is stored as a single-element certificate chain, and then store the certificate chain and the private key in a new keystore. You can export the certificate and supply it to your clients. Basically you have to create a properly set up SSLSocketFactory to establish an authenticated connection. jks file, generate a certificate into the keystore. If the connection is ok and the cert properly installed in AD, the cert from AD will be pulled into the collector definition. csr file content into GoDaddy. - Generate a. So, you must import your SSL certificate into the new file. txt -out cert-chain. Importing CA Certificates for BEMS. But here my issue is client side security people wants to handle that through some interface, they dont know how to work with the keytool and in production noone. localdomain. How to install the trusted root into Java cacerts Keystore. In the above steps, i downloaded the certificate into C:\Users\pokurija\Pictures\javasavvy\gradle. Import non-public certificates to BEMS; Importing and configuring certificates. I wanted to create certificates programmatically. main () method. The following example show how to add a root certificate, two intermediate certificates, and finally the actual certificate that is created for you. In Java 6 keytool has been improved so that it now becomes possible to import an existing key and certificate (say one you generated outside of the Java world) into a keystore. It is sufficient to import the certificate in only one of the following formats. Introduction. Now that we have successfully accessed the token and received our certificates alias, we can sign the. Let me preface this post by saying that in no way am I an expert when it comes to Java key stores or certificates. KeyStore; import java. # -p PASS --passphrase PASS Passphrase of the keystore (read from stdin if not specified). Application Version CloudCenter Manager 4. If you have provisioned an Application Server to use a certificate or certificate chain obtained from a Certificate Authority (see To secure communication with CA certificates), you should import a related certificate into the client's trust store. crt -export -out somename. In the below example the keystore file name is keystore. Java Project Tutorial - Make Login and Register Form Step by Step Using NetBeans And MySQL Database - Duration: 3:43:32. By using keytool command you can do many things but some of the most common operation is viewing certificate stored in keystore, importing new certificates into keyStore, delete any certificate from keystore etc. Public key certificates are a solution to the problem of identity. 6 use -import instead of -importcert keytool - importcert - alias pluginsigner - trustcacerts - file cert. Restarts the UniFi Controller to apply the changes. Otherwise, as has been described and suggested, you can import the certificate for SSL access. How do I import an existing Java keystore (. If the string length exceeds 76 characters, the Base64Encoder adds a " " character. It can be used to store private keys and certificates used for SSL communication, it cannot store secret keys however. Uses the keytool command to import the temporary PKCS12 file into the keystore file. Import a root CA certificate to an existing Java keystore: keytool -import -trustcacerts -alias root -file root. It includes the following bugfixes: Fixed ECC not available in BKS-V1 keystores; Fixed Linux start script, it works now if called from outside the KSE folder (ticket #12, thanks to David Harper for his contribution). pem -inkey privatekey. In the next step Import the certificate inside the JRE keystore, we’ll explain how to import the certificate of JKS format into the JRE. crt -keystore C:\cert\serverkeystore. These links might also help. 509 certificate (referred to collectively as key materials), you can reuse them. To do so, he simply imports the public key from John's certificate file into his own keystore. java package-info. Also, does anyone know how to programmatically import the. Obtain the signed certificate and certificates for the CA chain from the certificate authority. On the first node, load the certificate generated on the second node into the local trust keystore using the following command. Client classes required to build Maven Projects using AEM Document Services are available in the AEM Forms Client SDK jar. Below are the steps:. Note: Replace [JAVA_HOME] with the directory where the JDK is installed, and replace the text in italic with values that correspond with your environment. cer file into a new file named truststore. When configuring a certificate with a standalone instance, you have the choice of configuring an existing Java keystore, or creating a new keystore from a certificate managed by Octopus. To convert. Many Java application servers and Web servers support the use of keystores for SSL configuration. To import the certification authority file to the Java keystore. you just import this crt file into a JKS truststore and. I need to write a certificate into a java keystore programmatically. In this article, we discuss the key differences between Keystore and Truststore for communicating with SSL Certificates with Java. get it signed by a CA, import it back to the keyStoreto create the we will look into the usage of the Java cryptography APIs. Usually it is suggested to compile one "magic " file named ImportKey. keytool -import -alias -keystore \. keytool error: java. Pretty much all certificates are RSA now. Using this tool allows you to list all of the certificates that were imported into the keystore. com, but when I'm importing it doesn't appear. Need to convert an x509 secure certificate so that it can be imported into a Java keystore? Here is how to do it using an intermediate DER format certificate. Import a private key into a Java Key Store. We are developing B2B application and in our side we need to provide certificate for calling the other server. cer via the following, assuming the entry is aliased by mykey:. Having a back-up file of the keystore at this point can help resolve installation issues that can occur when importing the certificate into the original keystore file. I would like to create a JAVA program that import the. pfx file; Move the certificate into the BEMS. Importing the Silk Performer SSL certificates into a java keystore for recording secure Java Applications Improving the clarity of your Silk Performer. To import an openssl based generated private key and certificate into java keystore, follow the instructions below. Due to my limited knowledge/exposure with devops, I had to struggle a little bit but…. pem) or in binary DER format (file extensions. Repeat the import steps to import each of the certificates for any of the other AWS regions you want to be able to connect to with SSL. # genkey --makeca rhce1. cer; Merge the certificate and private key - Warning: this implies they are PEM files as per the prerequisites, not DER files (binary format): cat publickey. It includes the following bugfixes: Fixed ECC not available in BKS-V1 keystores; Fixed Linux start script, it works now if called from outside the KSE folder (ticket #12, thanks to David Harper for his contribution). Thanks again, - mike. jks -alias mykey -file thebigfile. This program signs a certificate, using the private key of another certificate in a keystore. Import an intermediate CA certificate to an existing Java keystore: keytool -import -trustcacerts -alias intermediate -file intermediate. DER format certificates can be imported into a Java keystore. Alternative B: Along with the ValidateChain program WebLogic 12c's weblogic. der -outform der From here the easiest thing to do is import this certificate into Java's system truststore. How to import a certificate into Java Certificates (cacerts) - import-certificate-to-all-cacerts. This tool is included in the JDK. From the Tools menu, choose Import Trusted Certificate. Import private key and certificate into java keystore From time to time you have to update your SSL keys and certificates. If a JNDI Data Source is TLS/SSL enabled, import the JNDI Data Source certificate into the Java Connector Server trusted certificate store. In this article, We will explore about java default trust store(C:\Program * Files\Java\jdk1. txt -out cert-chain. That's the way to use the certificate in a Java application. Importing SSL certificates For the Connections server to connect to Microsoft Exchange mail servers or IBM® Domino® mail servers with self-signed certificates, you must import SSL certificates. Anyway if you are looking to know how to generate a key pair or import a certificate to a Keystore using keytool, still this may be helpful. and 'AddTrust External CA' certs to my CURL chain cert: into your JKS keystore with keytool -import and this. If the connection is ok and the cert properly installed in AD, the cert from AD will be pulled into the collector definition. 509 certificate and importing it into the ColdFusion keystore. Exposed Java Management Extensions (JMX) beans to change. 01 SR5 and have a pay by phone application that uses SSL to communicate with our billing system. In the latter case you'll have to import your shiny new certificate and key into your java keystore. To import the Signed Certificate into a keystore file, open a command prompt and and run the keytool command using the appropriate arguments for your key type: pkcs key : If the certificate is from a third-party with a root and intermediate certificate, all three certificates may need to be imported to the keystore. If the signed certificate is provided as an attachment to an email, copy this file into the same directory where the. The downloaded certificate can be stored in a password-protected Java KeyStore under a chosen alias. The command "importkeystore" is used to import an entire keystore into another keystore, which means all entries from the source keystore, including keys and certificates, are all imported to the destination keystore within a single command. Need to convert an x509 secure certificate so that it can be imported into a Java keystore? Here is how to do it using an intermediate DER format certificate. However, I can't seem to find a way to do this programmatically, most other questions I've found either point to external tools or aren't fit for my case. If you have an existing private key and corresponding X. p7b 1231181189. Import a certificate into your keystore file As the client requires the keystore file with the registered certification from the server (for encryption), you may search for the server certificate using in the log output. So when my app installs itself, it needs a way to create a keystore, import the cert and help the user add the keystore and "grant" to their policy file. To import the contents of a PKCS#12 file into the Web Help Desk keystore, you can: Convert the PKCS#12 keystore to a Java keystore; Import the keypair containing your certificate; Convert the PKCS#12 keystore to a Java keystore. Also, does anyone know how to programmatically import the. crt -keystore keystore. To import an openssl based generated private key and certificate into java keystore, follow the instructions below. Exporting the Private Key From a JKS Keystore A common problem faced when moving certificates and keys from tomcat to Apache web server is that keytool does not allow you to export the private key in the format that apache's modssl module requires. 3 EHP1, but the same procedure can be applied when using standard PI adapters. To do so, he simply imports the public key from John's certificate file into his own keystore. The certificates and the private key need to be bundled together into a keystore (either Java Key Store or PKCS12 keystore), as described in the Configuring 2-way SSL Keystore section. The command "importkeystore" is used to import an entire keystore into another keystore, which means all entries from the source keystore, including keys and certificates, are all imported to the destination keystore within a single command. This is Java's standard "Java KeyStore" format, and is the format created by the keytool command-line utility. generateCertificates (certstream);. crt -export -out somename. Run the following command to import it into the keystore: keytool -import -trustcacerts -alias tomcat -keystore example. Type in y or yes when prompted. store" “keytool -import -alias publiccert -file publickey. When using certificates issued by a Certificate Authority, you also need to import the certificate using the keytool command, rather than generating a self-signed key. Adding Android platform level certificates to the Android SDK. On the first node, load the certificate generated on the second node into the local trust keystore using the following command. Import newly created key store to the default domain key store. I have contacted my team and the team (having inherited the OutSystems platform) do not have knowledge of any administrative accounts or tools that would allow us to manage the Java virtual machine or the Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5, 64-bits. Before you import the primary certificate for your domain, you need to first import any root or intermediate certificates. Uses the keytool command to import the temporary PKCS12 file into the keystore file. If you run into this issue, just copy the Bouncy Castle bcprov-jdk15on-148. keytool -import -v -trustcacerts -alias CLIENT -file client. jar file you are signing into the bin directory. Java,Certificate chain,Creation, Pure Java. CER file from keystore. The examples are separated into two sections based on whether you are connecting to a cluster that has Transport Layer Security (TLS) enabled or disabled. you just import this crt file into a JKS truststore and. This is useful if you have your own tools for generating a CA signed key pair. It can be used to store secret key, private key and certificate. In this Java tutorial, we will explore both keyStore and trustStore and understand the main differences between them. Create a new keystore, generate a CSR request, and obtain a signed certificate from a CA; Import a previously issued certificate using a. In some cases you may have a mixed infrastructure e. keystore -alias root If the root certificate is not in the browser, also import it there. keytool -importkeystore -deststorepass password -destkeypass password -destkeystore mykeystore. p12) file, and then you can import the PKCS 12 file into your keystore. Assuming your certificate is called "file. While working on day to day work, I was able to find 2 different way to import a certificate on your weblogic server Importing certificate using key tool over command prompt Importing certificate using KeyStore Service (KSS) Importing certificate using key tool over command prompt To know the WebLogic server’s trust Keystore location: On the home…. openSSL convert PEM certificate and import to Java keystore. 0_67\bin) The command used to sign is:. Have you ever had to move an SSL certificate from a Java keystore to use on Apache with OpenSSL? It's not an easy task. 1 documentation) James currently operates only on JKS format keystores. 5? We are currently using 7. This is the first post in this series which I will show you how to generate SSL certificate in Java programmatically. Solution If you still have your original SSL certificate, you can import it into the new version of the cacerts keystore file by following the procedure that you originally used. keytool -import -alias server-cert -file diagserverCA. If you'd like to see the entire process of creating a private key, exporting it in a certificate file, importing it into a public keystore, and listing the keystore contents, I have all of that in one place in a long (but complete) Java keytool, keystore, genkey, export, import, certificate, and list tutorial as well. The client uses the imported certificate to trust the server that owns that certificate. A keystore holds a private key and public certificate that identifies one side of the connection. I am a little confused on how this works and was wondering if anyone knew how to import the certificate into the Java Certificate Manager. So, I am having trouble with LDAP. Please check the. /keytool -import -keystore. jks in this example). and then load this keystore into the Java keystore class, the keystore object contains a privatekeyentry and a CertificateEntry. If you already have a valid certificate and key files (or) a keystore or a PFX file with the certificate, choose Import certificate and click choose file. import java. In this article, we discuss the key differences between Keystore and Truststore for communicating with SSL Certificates with Java. Importing Keystore. Import private key and certificate into Java Key Store (JKS) Apache Tomcat and many other Java applications expect to retrieve SSL/TLS certificates from a Java Key Store (JKS). jks -alias "Alias" -storepass. When prompted for the keystore password, enter in the password that was set. Importing the certificate. 3 - AndroidLearner Jul 17 '12 at 9:39. Share Trusted Certificate Store of Java Connector Server. Import a certificate into your keystore file As the client requires the keystore file with the registered certification from the server (for encryption), you may search for the server certificate using in the log output. java SimpleService_Service. Using Java code, how to programmatically load the trust keystore file when making the ssl context Any insights are highly appreciated. So they asked me to create a tool to import certificates to the keystore. Use keytool to import the certificate into the local keystore and, if necessary, the local truststore. keytool command in Java is a tool for managing certificates into keyStore and trustStore which is used to store certificate and requires during SSL handshake process. To install an SSL certificate for the MySQL Enterprise Service Manager you must use the Java keytool to import the certificate into the keystore. To copy and paste the file your_csr_file. In this article, We will explore about java default trust store(C:\Program * Files\Java\jdk1. Java Keytool is a key and certificate management tool that is used to manipulate Java Keystores, and is included with Java. In previous post, we have explained how to create a certificate chain in Java. The related certificate should be the issuing certificate for the Application Server certificate. key certificate. cer CA into the existing keystore file. You create the. Question Description. x on a Windows 2003 enterprise server. jks file that will initially only contain the private key. Supply the proper arguments for the command options. Build the keystore. 0_67\bin) The command used to sign is:. Important: You must target the correct location of the binary files, depending on whether you are adding certificates for either a 32-bit or a 64-bit application. Java uses keytool as certificate management utility : with this utility you can add exception in order to make certificate trusted. Importing SSL certificates For the Connections server to connect to Microsoft Exchange mail servers or IBM® Domino® mail servers with self-signed certificates, you must import SSL certificates. Restarts the UniFi Controller to apply the changes. Install the SSL Certificate with Java’s keytool into the keystore There are a few things to accomplish in this section: find and locate the JRE you want to use, find the keytool script, find the trusted certificates file (cacerts), and execute a single-line command. Java,Certificate chain,Keystore. jks Create a PKCS12 keystore. For step-by-step instructions for creating this type of certificate, see Working with Digital Certificates. Covering all of the ways to import this certificate into Windows is beyond the scope of this article, and is already covered by How to import CAcert root certificates into browser clients. You need IBM Runtime Environment, Java™ Technology Edition V1. Here are the instructions on how to import a SSL certificate into the Java Keystore from a PKCS12 (pfx or p12) file. Import OpenSSL certificate into java keystore on Ubuntu. Java,Certificate,X509. This is Java's standard "Java KeyStore" format, and is the format created by the keytool command-line utility. Create a new keystore Navigate to C:\Program Files\Java\jdk_xxxx\bin\ via command prompt. Create a certificate keystore and private key by executing the following command: keytool -genkey -alias [enter_alias_name] -keyalg RSA -keystore [enter_keystore_name] -keysize 2048 ; Enter and re-enter a keystore password. Ensure it matches! The jar file can then be verified. Import the saved certificate from the previous procedure by running the following command:. Use the following code to import your certificate into the default java keystore : 1 keytool - keystore < PATH_TO_JRE > / lib / security / cacerts - import - alias certificate - file < PATH_TO_CERTIFICATE > / certificate. This section contains code examples that demonstrate how to connect to Amazon DocumentDB (with MongoDB compatibility) using several different languages. 2 Importing certificate into jks keystore keytool -importcert -file mycertfile. If you have more than one server or device, you will need to install the certificate on each server or device you need to secure. p12 file (and the certificate authority. The following command create a self-signed certificate for the specified machine. Import private key and certificate into Java Key Store (JKS) Apache Tomcat and many other Java applications expect to retrieve SSL/TLS certificates from a Java Key Store (JKS). In total that should get you a keystore with 2 entries and a truststore with only one entry. # -a ALIAS --alias ALIAS Unique alias of the certificate (required). Java keytool import - Import a certificate into a public keystore Assuming that you've been given a certificate file named "certfile. Create a new keystore Navigate to C:\Program Files\Java\jdk_xxxx\bin\ via command prompt. First of all you have to import a so called Chain Certificate or Root Certificate into your keystore. Then import the new merged certificate into a pkcs12 keystore. pfx file; Move the certificate into the BEMS. Importing CA Certificates for BEMS. jks -file example. In some cases we also need to import the certificate in the OS to use it with tools like curl, git, etc. When prompted for the keystore password, enter in the password that was set. jks - Import. 509 Certificate. Unfortunately the encryption certificate must be uploaded either based on a Certificate Signing Request (CSR) or a Java Keystore. The certificate must be in Printable DER format (file extension. Parent topic: Preparing to install the IBM Connections Mail Plug-in. To convert. 01 SR5 and have a pay by phone application that uses SSL to communicate with our billing system. der And after that, import it in the keystore : bashkeytool -import -alias. Importing wildcard certificates into a java keystore ~ Learning the Hyperion Ropes. The related certificate should be the issuing certificate for the Application Server certificate. Copy the certificate file to the AR Server in which you want to import it into the keystore. 2 Importing certificate into jks keystore keytool -importcert -file mycertfile. You are good to go. This page shows you how to remove your certificates and private key from a. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. 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Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: