Normal Lab Values Nursing

To view the entire topic, please sign in or purchase a subscription. What others are saying Normal Lab Values Cheat Sheet for NCLEX: Lab Values from A to Z It is important for you to remember normal lab values because they might be included in questions throughout the test. Laboratory Values and Interpretation - A Nurse's Ultimate Guide I. Medications (15%) Include the medication name, classification, action, reason for administration, potential side effects (common & dangerous), nursing implications, and evaluation of medication effectiveness. Of the lab values listed, a nurse should not expect an increase in calcium (normal value 9-10 mg/dL). Here are some silly ways that have helped me remember some lab values! Skip navigation Sign in. Normal Reference Laboratory Values is a topic covered in the Taber's Medical Dictionary. Normal Laboratory Values for NCLEX Review This table lists reference values for the most common laboratory tests and is intended for interpretation of the results as they are provided in the examinations. Pediatric Normal Ranges (1995) Children’s Hospital of Buffalo, Coulter VIEWPOINT, No. Der Zugang zur Wohnung als Teil der Barrierefreiheit beschreibt, wie der Zugang zur Wohnung gestaltet ist. Other activities to help include hangman, crossword, word scramble, games, matching, quizes, and tests. Show Me Nursing Programs. Nursing Exam Cram Sheet for the NCLEX-RN The final mountain that nursing students must summit before becoming a registered nurse is the NCLEX. Preparing for the NCLEX can be stressful as taking in colossal amounts of information has never been easy. Normal range for cholesterol in healthy adults and adults with CKD is less than 200 mg/dl. Some physicians or units may decline communication of critical values. Basics Cheat Sheet for NCLEX. Arterial blood pH: 7. Show Me Nursing Programs. Watch for grammatical inconsistencies— Subjects and verbs should 2agree, meaning singular subject, singular verb or plural subject, plural verb. 9 overweight. If the pH < 7. Helpful, trusted answers from doctors: Dr. Normal Lab Values Cheat Sheet for NCLEX: Lab Values from A to Z It is important for you to remember normal lab values because they might be included in questions throughout the test. com More FREE nursing school aids at NRSNG. Higher levels are associated with a lower risk of heart disease. on StudyBlue. In the normal table (Table I), we find that 1−α=0. Inspired Learning for Life. The sodium level is low (normal value is 136-145 mEq/L). In cases where blood gas values do not fall into any of the above classifications, an answer "unable to determine" will appear when using the interpreter. Reference ranges for blood tests are studied within the field of clinical chemistry (also known as "clinical biochemistry", "chemical pathology" or "pure blood chemistry"), the area of pathology that is generally concerned with analysis of bodily fluids. Lynda Cook is an infusion therapy nurse consultant, PharMerica, Greensboro, NC. This project is supported in part by the NIH Specialized Programs of Translational Research in Acute Stroke (SPOTRIAS) Network, and NINDS grant 3P50NS055977 to Washington University in St. Coordinates special laboratory studies with Ambulatory Services and/or Pharmacy. Critical / Panic Value Policy. E: Answers to questions for part I (laboratory test) --App. Interpret the lab value for HbA1c and explain the rationale for this value in relation to normal/abnormal body function? Comprehensive Case Study on COPD, Heart Failure, Hypertension and Diabetes Mellitus. When the values are too high, there is a problem. If the pH < 7. 2 micrograms per deciliter (mcg/dL). Laboratory Reference Range Values. Board of Nursing Format NC Sexually Transmitted Diseases Public Health Program Manual/Treatment Guidelines Lab Standing Order for Wet Prep October, 2015 Page 1 of 2 INSTRUCTIONS FOR LOCAL HEALTH DEPARTMENT STAFF ONLY. 0 mg/dL > 4. Common blood chemistry tests. Normal Laboratory Values: Blood, Plasma, and Serum: Test. 5% Recommended in Infants Pregnant Women Other People at high risk We start with Hematocrit and Hemoglobin to get the mean cell value (MCV). Since 1999, HelpGuide has grown from a small local project to an international resource that reaches over 35 million people a year. Normal Laboratory Values in Nursing: Guide for NCLEX Knowing the different normal lab values is an important step in making an informed clinical decision as a nurse. The test results will be used to assist the healthcare team (your doctor, nurses, and others) in evaluating your kidney function and. If the blood is acidic, the force of cardiac contractions diminishes. Watch for grammatical inconsistencies— Subjects and verbs should 2agree, meaning singular subject, singular verb or plural subject, plural verb. Read More →. The nurse should place the report containing the normal laboratory value in the client's medical record. The most common lab values student nurses need to know for the NCLEX. Normal Male — 130 mL/min Normal Lab Values Chart - IM 2015. Walker December, 2008 Updated February, 2009 At ClotCare, we often get questions from people who have obtained INRs from 2 sources in a short time period and want to know which source to trust. Values are also increased at high altitudes. In order to be effective a practitioner must be capable of not only collecting a considerable amount of clinical and laboratory data, but also utilizing the findings to arrive at a correct diagnosis. Reference values for normal urinalysis It is important to check with each agency's laboratory for normal reference values as they may vary slightly. Take5: Laboratory Values Use this handy cheat-sheet to help you monitor laboratory values related to fluid and electrolyte status. 1994 Mar-Apr;69(2):9-11, quiz 13. NURSING INTERVENTION. tests and laboratory (lab) values, one source of client assessment data. 4%; Diabetes: 6. Reticulacyte count normal value 0. 3) +2 = normal response. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. They may be elevated in infection and leukemia, and low in bone mar-row damage due to chemicals, drugs, etc. What’s normal for one lab might not quite be normal for another, so it’s important to know what your lab’s normal range is when looking at your results. LABORATORY VALUES IN THE ELDERLY ROBERT J. In some areas of nursing, you need to know only some basic numbers, but in other areas, you need to know very precise lab values and how. Renal Labs: Uncomplicated BUN and Creatinine Interpretation Today, Mike Linares will teach you about one of the favorite topics in nursing exams – BUN and creatinine. To assist nurses, here are the common laboratory values listed in an organized and easy­to­understand table. Lynda Cook is an infusion therapy nurse consultant, PharMerica, Greensboro, NC. This is a brief summary of lab value interpretation and is not intended in any way to be comprehensive or replace any conversation of your results with your doctor. See table Normal Laboratory Values: Blood, Plasma, and Serum. Hematology. APPENDIX B • Selected Normal Pediatric Laboratory Values 1449 Growth Hormone (S)2 After infancy (fasting specimen): 0-5 ng/mL In response to natural and artificial provocation (e. Understanding the PT-INR Test. The ABG test is a standard blood test and a very safe procedure. Laboratory Values and Interpretation – A Nurse’s Ultimate Guide I. Know what normal lab. A platelet count of 300,000 cells/mm 3 is not an elevated count. Incorporate lab results into the nursing diagnosis. Understanding the PT-INR Test. Nursing - Lab Values; Shared Flashcard Set. Monitoring coagulation tests is an important nursing function. SERUM ELECTROLYTES REFERENCE RANGE NURSING IMPLICATIONS (conventional units). Your anticoagulation clinician will determine the appropriate INR range for you. With a normal hemoglobin level (~15 g/100 mL), a normal blood pH (~7. CORRECT: Extreme perspiration associated with construction work results in a loss of electrolytes. Using this rough estimate, the patient in this example could loose 1083 mL of blood without needing a transfusion. Send in ice slurry to lab immediately. To view the entire topic, please sign in or purchase a subscription. Edema experiment done to ankles (no explore or pitting edema eminent =normal). https://careers. Acetylcholinesterase (ACE), RBC. Saunders Nursing Guide to Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests, 2nd Edition is the perfect guide to laboratory testing for both students and practicing nurses alike. Since 1999, HelpGuide has grown from a small local project to an international resource that reaches over 35 million people a year. "2 As critical values might evolve quickly in the. on StudyBlue. Most laboratory tests remain the same whether you are pregnant or not, while other laboratory tests that may be considered abnormal when not pregnant, can be considered normal during pregnancy. 125 mg PO daily and furosemide (Lasix) 40 mg PO daily for the three years. As a soldier medic, you will frequently be called upon to assist in a basic nursing assessment of the. This essential resource provides clear, concise overage of over 700 of the most commonly performed diagnostic and laboratory tests. Some of these tests will be done soon after you learn you are HIV positive. Be sure to use the normal values at your facility. Adjusted analysis found that vitamin D deficiency increased the risk of nursing home admission by more than three times the risk experienced by those with normal levels. CARDIAC LAB VALUES Creatine Kinase aka Creatine Phosphokinase (CK) - Levels rise 4 to 8 hours after an acute MI (Myocardial Infarction), peaking at 16 to 30 hours and returning to. When it comes to providing students and teachers in nursing, medicine, and the health professions with the educational materials they need, our philosophy is simple: learning never ends. For this reason, not all laboratory results falling into the critical range will be classified by the laboratory as true critical. 35, then the patient is acidotic. Common blood chemistry tests. In these instances, the normal adult range must be interpreted depending on the patients ethnic backgound. Nephrotoxicity can be temporary with a temporary elevation of lab values (BUN and/or creatinine). Study Flashcards On Normal Lab Values we need to memorize at Cram. Important lab values. In this section of the NCLEX-RN examination, you will be expected to demonstrate your knowledge and skills of potential for alterations in body systems in order to: Identify client potential for aspiration (e. A high level of TSH combined with a low or normal T4 level generally indicates hypothyroidism, which can have an effect on fertility. The sample size is large enough to treat s as σ. Lab Values contains an easy to read and follow catalog of the most essential labs for nurses. Kristi Kotsatos 35,757 views. Truly understand what your lab tests are telling you about your health. Kidney function tests are conducted to know whether all parameters of kidney are functioning within the normal range or not. Evaluation of labs by nursing staff is a critical function. Important lab values to know for the NCLEX CBC Hemoglobin (Hgb) Normal range: 13 - 17 Anemia: Hgb <; 7. Know normal values for Urinalysis. Some lab values have "men's normal is this number and women's normal is this number". Posted on February 12, 2019 February 12, 2019 Author Erin Tolbert, FNP Categories Nursing School Leave a comment on Normal Lab Values Cheat Sheet for NCLEX: Lab Values from A to Z. Normal Lab Values (Based on Crystal's 'NCLEX Lab Value Ranges') - Nursing 3307 with Lee at Temple University - StudyBlue. Get fast access to important diagnostic tests and procedures with Mosby’s Diagnostic & Laboratory Test Reference, 12th Edition by Kathleen Deska Pagana, Timothy J. • Lab work can help assess and diagnose patients with. 1 The test offers a wealth of clinical information about the hematopoietic system, including erythrocyte, leuko-cyte, and thrombocyte values. Complete Blood Count Normal Pediatric Values Complete Blood Count Normal Pediatric Values Age Red Blood Cells (x 106/µL) Hemoglobin (g/dL) Hematocrit (%) MCV. LABORATORY VALUES (see inside back cover for continuation) * Included in the Biochemical Profile (SMA-12) REFERENCE RANGE SI REFERENCE INTERVALS. Value Normal Range Unit COMPLETE BLOOD COUNT. • Lab work can help assess and diagnose patients with. Norris’ lab values and normal ranges are presented in Table 1. 6°F/37°C), a Pa o 2 of 70 to 100 mm Hg is normal, a Pa o 2 of 45 to 70 mm Hg is relatively safe, and a Pa o 2 less than 45 mm Hg is dangerous. Our site is temporarily unavailable due to planned system maintenance. Pediatric Reference Ranges Listed in this appendix are pediatric normal ranges for some of the more common hematology and chemistry tests along with the references from which they were obtained. The PSA is a protein produced by the prostate gland and normal range is within 0-4 ng/mL. Saunders Nursing Guide to Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests, 2nd Edition is the perfect guide to laboratory testing for both students and practicing nurses alike. Normal (no diabetes): Less than 5. Normal blood counts fall within a range established by testing healthy men and women of all ages. com/watch?v=srfMUpOTC4c Nursing Asse. ABGs provide information about acid-base balance and the levels of O2 and CO2 in the blood. Paul When a child is diagnosed with cancer or a blood disease, it impacts the entire family. medical management of disease. ” Look in the mouth to make sure airway is clear, listen for breath, and feel for pulse. Rubin on lab values for dehydration: Total cholesterol, ldl, HDL and triglycerides. If a patient's pH > 7. com makes it easy to get the grade you want!. 5 mg/dl: Term. Remember, normal values may vary. Each medical app overlaps a decent amount of information, but there are definitely significant differences. Learning Objectives After successful completion of this course, you will be able to: • Identify normal chemistry values for the adult patient • Define the normal range of laboratory values for components of a complete blood count for the adult patient. To determine what is normal, samples are obtained from a group of healthy individuals, usually adults and equally divided between males and females. Normal lab values are hard to keep straight. Lab Values contains an easy to read and follow catalog of the most essential labs for nurses. Nursing - Lab Values Normal Creatine Level (measure kidney function) Definition. b Range includes references with and without iron supplementation. What others are saying Normal Lab Values Cheat Sheet for NCLEX: Lab Values from A to Z It is important for you to remember normal lab values because they might be included in questions throughout the test. The most common lab values student nurses need to know for the NCLEX. Adjusted analysis found that vitamin D deficiency increased the risk of nursing home admission by more than three times the risk experienced by those with normal levels. Let's go through these lab values. Nephrotoxicity can be temporary with a temporary elevation of lab values (BUN and/or creatinine). ”2 As critical values might evolve quickly in the. Never guess on a lab value again. Nursing Exam Cram Sheet for the NCLEX-RN The final mountain that nursing students must summit before becoming a registered nurse is the NCLEX. Kristi Kotsatos 35,757 views. How to Interpret an ABG? The first value a nurse should look at is the pH to determine if the patient is in normal range, above, or below. Hypokalaemia is defined as a serum potassium less than 3. Mnemonic for metabolic panel lab values - Duration: 2:30. Basics Cheat Sheet for NCLEX. Complete Blood Count. Choose from 500 different sets of normal lab values flashcards on Quizlet. Unbound Medicine helps physicians, nurses, pharmacists, and veterinarians answer critical questions at the point of need. Mary Mercy Hospital Lab Manual Quality Assurance 15 Quality Assurance/Licenses The clinical laboratory at St. 125 mg PO daily and furosemide (Lasix) 40 mg PO daily for the three years. In cases where blood gas values do not fall into any of the above classifications, an answer "unable to determine" will appear when using the interpreter. 6ºC 3 year old oral – 99. Your values may range from 20-80 mg/dl when the labs are drawn prior to your dialysis treatment. for topic: Lab Values For Dehydration. Learn about the serum test, which tells you how much of the element is in your blood. PCV Measurement - Practical Task INTRODUCTION The packed cell volume measurement is a relatively simple and quick test on blood, which can prove useful in the assessment of conditions such as anaemia and dehydration. Assuming the condition hasn’t been genetically inherited, the correction of the lab values discovered through testing will usually help kidney function begin returning to normal. Stay connected with us and join our Catholic Health Talent Network via the link below. , you’ll access development opportunities that you won’t find anywhere else and show pride in your profession. Of the lab values listed, a nurse should not expect an increase in calcium (normal value 9-10 mg/dL). 9 overweight. Though a normal, full-term baby at birth, starting at about 10 months of age “Billy DeWitt” has suffered a series of infections, including sinusitis, otitis media, and pneumonia. com makes it easy to get the grade you want!. Graphics and charts; Normal lab values and common abbreviations. If a patient’s pH > 7. Hypokalaemia is defined as a serum potassium less than 3. Reference ranges for blood tests are sets of values used by a health professional to interpret a set of medical test results from blood samples. Mid-range normal in most labs is about 1. Normal Laboratory Values: Blood, Plasma, and Serum Reference values vary based on several factors, including the specific laboratory that supplies them. Of course the labs vary by facilities but the the card provides a nice medium on many of the values. A combination of reagents liquid or freeze-dried which can be used in a laboratory to measure specific serum or urine parameters to diagnose and monitor the therapy of specific diseases. 3 and Cr normal for women is: 0. Normal range depends on the technique used (e. Is normal pH, but abnormal Pco2, & -HCO3:H2CO3 levels "compensated" respiratory/ metabolic acidosis/alkalosis? My professor has asked me to solve a few arterial blood gas values for a lab report, but I have been having difficulty with the scenario in my question. LABORATORY VALUES (see inside back cover for continuation) * Included in the Biochemical Profile (SMA-12) REFERENCE RANGE SI REFERENCE INTERVALS. Normal ABG Values pH: 7. The blood creatinine level is factored in with your age, gender, height, race, and weight to calculate your glomerular filtration rate (GFR). What’s normal for one lab might not quite be normal for another, so it’s important to know what your lab’s normal range is when looking at your results. c Reference value from Laboratory Reference Handbook, Pathology Department, Parkland Hospital, 2005. Learn normal lab values with free interactive flashcards. Laboratory Values and Interpretation - A Nurse's Ultimate Guide I. It has minimal interference from biological factors discussed above, but our Johns Hopkins Hospital (JHH) experience suggests a small number of patients have normal anti-Xa UFH assays with an elevated aPTT. They are also advised to continually check for updated normal ranges. Free flashcards to help memorize facts about laboratory values. Remove cards as fast as you can by using either drag-n-drop or point-n-click. The "normal" range for one lab would be different than a "normal" value from another lab, creating problems for patients who were being treated in several locations. com More FREE nursing school aids at NRSNG. This podcast covers one essential lab value for episode including normal ranges, nursing considerations, and background information. The most common lab values student nurses need to know for the NCLEX. normal levels. Important lab values. Serum Electrolytes. The percent of neutrophils consists the segmented neutrophils + the bands. it is essential that nurses be able to interpret cardiac labs - it could literally be the difference between life and death for your patients! Learn about cardiac labs including Troponin, CK, CK-MB, and BNP - and what these labs could mean for your patients!. It is important for the proper functioning of the nerves and muscles, particularly the heartbeat. Andropoulos. The test result may be incorrect in people with anemia, kidney disease, or certain blood disorders (thalassemia). Most laboratory tests remain the same whether you are pregnant or not, while other laboratory tests that may be considered abnormal when not pregnant, can be considered normal during pregnancy. Incorporate lab results into the nursing diagnosis. Methods : We performed a retrospective cohort study including all patients admitted to our 2- hospital, 1100-bed community-based academic health system in 2009 with normal admission. Study Flashcards On Normal Lab Values we need to memorize at Cram. Although the reports we receive often indicate high or low values, understanding the true meaning of these values in the context of the patient's condition, history and other factors is critical to safe care of the patient. Reference ranges for blood tests are sets of values used by a health professional to interpret a set of medical test results from blood samples. 45), PaCO 2 (35-45), and HCO 3 – (22-26). for 5 minutes or more c. Although the reports we receive often indicate high or low values, understanding the true meaning of these values in the context of the patient’s condition, history and other factors is critical to safe care of the patient. The most obvious example is the presence of blood in the urine or vaginal smear of a woman with her period. If the Troponin level is normal times 3, a heart event can usually be ruled out. Lab values stand out as shaded boxes for quick review E xams at the end of each chapter provide self-assessment, with complete explanations of all answers A ppendices are a unique way to review hands-on care, diagnostic tests, diets, etc. Important lab values to know for the NCLEX CBC Hemoglobin (Hgb) Normal range: 13 - 17 Anemia: Hgb <; 7. 2 micrograms per deciliter (mcg/dL). No need to memorize lab values with this great cheat tool. Conversely, the patient will be diagnosed with a condition known as microcytic anemia if he or she has low MCH lab test values. com LOW Red blood cell count: • Iron-deficiency anemia - Look at iron metabolism (iron, ferritin and % transferin saturation) • B12 / Folic acid anemia - decreased RBC with - decreased HCT (hematocrite) and/or HGB (Hemoglobin) - increased MCH and MCV Basic Lab Work Interpretation. Indeed, many laboratories do not even report normal values for women versus men. Normal Lab Values; Download PDF. Start improving your mental health and wellness today. 396 taken - User Rating: 4. Higher levels are associated with a lower risk of heart disease. Posted on February 12, 2019 February 12, 2019 Author Erin Tolbert, FNP Categories Nursing School Leave a comment on Normal Lab Values Cheat Sheet for NCLEX: Lab Values from A to Z. Study 37 Normal Lab Values (Based on Crystal's 'NCLEX Lab Value Ranges') flashcards from Chelsea S. Because the test is normally performed on an artery, which are typically located deeper within the body than veins, there may be some slight pain. values you need to know when taking the NCLEX can be scary. Medications (15%) Include the medication name, classification, action, reason for administration, potential side effects (common & dangerous), nursing implications, and evaluation of medication effectiveness. 2 U/g Hb — Acid phosphatase. Lab Values contains an easy to read and follow catalog of the most essential labs for nurses. Anyone who suspects that they may have diabetes insipidus should contact their local medical provider for testing so that lab values can be established. Use it to study or keep on your clipboard to reference while at a clinical site. The normal range for potassium is 3. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. comes for laboratory critical values systems and provide suggestions for their improvement. Each lesson has a textbook reading assignment and activities based on "visiting" the patients in the hospital — providing a perfect environment for students to. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy. The online database is accessible from your desktop, laptop or any mobile device with a web browser. That means that 5% of our healthy patients fall outside of the normal range, even when there is nothing wrong with them. Patient Education Lab Values Explained Common Tests to Help Diagnose Kidney Disease Lab work, urine samples and other tests may be given as you undergo diagnosis and treatment for renal failure. Relate common fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base laboratory values and diagnostic tests to normal physiology and pathological disease processes. This podcast delivers short, to the point episodes that cover one lab value per episode. When your body is in homeostasis, the values for fluids, chemicals and secretions ( hormones ) are within an acceptable or “normal” range. See table Normal Laboratory Values: Blood, Plasma, and Serum. High values indicate high levels of heparin; low values indicate low levels of heparin. Normal values for blood pressure obtained by arterial cannulation are slightly higher than those obtained by routine sphygmomanometry, ranging from 5-20 mm Hg higher. Give Ferrous Sulfate : 105 mg. Never guess on a lab value again. Normal Lab Values (Based on Crystal's 'NCLEX Lab Value Ranges') - Nursing 3307 with Lee at Temple University - StudyBlue. Blood chemistry tests help evaluate respiratory and metabolic status. A total of 1094 transcripts were detected as differential expression over time course tested (p<0. How to Interpret an ABG? The first value a nurse should look at is the pH to determine if the patient is in normal range, above, or below. Normal Male — 130 mL/min Normal Lab Values Chart - IM 2015. The course lists common diagnostic and lab tests and values in an. 4), and a normal body temperature (~98. Include actual values, range of normal values, and what the value means in relationship to your client's response to illness. Learning Objectives After successful completion of this course, you will be able to: • Identify normal chemistry values for the adult patient • Define the normal range of laboratory values for components of a complete blood count for the adult patient. Each lab has its own range for what it considers normal values for complete blood counts and chemistry panel results. The examples above show the common measurements for results for these tests. 45, the patient is alkalotic. Lab Tests Online (LTO) is an award-winning health information web resource designed to help patients & caregivers understand the many lab tests that are a vital part of medical care. October 21, 2019: New York State Department of Health Announces New Services to Help E-Cigarette Users Quit in Response to Nationwide Outbreak of Vaping-Associated Illnesses; Archives. Zugang zur Wohnung. The agent, which is defined as being the RN, LPN, Nursing secretary and the physician of the patient. Reference ranges for blood tests are studied within the field of clinical chemistry (also known as "clinical biochemistry", "chemical pathology" or "pure blood chemistry"), the area of pathology that is generally concerned with analysis of bodily fluids. 27 x age in years ; Supine PaO2 = 104/13. D: Units of measure --App. Adriana’s value indicates iron toxicity. In these situation, I remember the lowest of the two and the highest of the two, to help me remember one set of number for both the men and women. This is where this cram sheet can help-- it contains condensed facts about the licensure. Obtaining Blood. Let's go through these lab values. You should be available to assist all patients. We don’t just educate you—we empower you. Incorporate lab results into the nursing diagnosis. Then depending on your immune status, whether you are on medication or not, and a variety of other factors, your provider will set up a schedule for you. In cases of suspected acute pancreatic disease, measurement of serum or urine AML is the most important laboratory test. 30, with ketonemia and ketonuria. Normal Values 4. Finally, reference ranges are specific to the laboratory that produces the test results. Deoxyribonucleic acid. You have finished nursing school, a major achievement. Credit allowance for nursing courses is based on a semester. Watch for grammatical inconsistencies— Subjects and verbs should 2agree, meaning singular subject, singular verb or plural subject, plural verb. Interpret the lab value for HbA1c and explain the rationale for this value in relation to normal/abnormal body function? Comprehensive Case Study on COPD, Heart Failure, Hypertension and Diabetes Mellitus. Higher levels are associated with a lower risk of heart disease. If you are familiar with the normal values, you will be able to determine whether an abnormality exists when a laboratory value is presented in a question. LABORATORY VALUES – memorize normal lab values and be able to interpret them. SERUM ELECTROLYTES REFERENCE RANGE NURSING IMPLICATIONS (conventional units). As a nursing student the lab card is a great addition to my badge. 96 σ on either side of m. LABORATORY VALUES (see inside back cover for continuation) * Included in the Biochemical Profile (SMA-12) REFERENCE RANGE SI REFERENCE INTERVALS. Remove cards as fast as you can by using either drag-n-drop or point-n-click. Administers oral test solutions. 137 Values You Must Know to Easily Pass the NCLEX provides you with an inexpensive solution to focus on what lab values truly matter to ultimately pass the NCLEX. The main four in the App Store are Pocket Lab Values ($2. Abnormal Laboratory Values An important aspect in the proper interpretation of any laboratory value is what values are considered normal or abnormal. 5 g/dL F: 12. The normal range for potassium is 3. Our site is temporarily unavailable due to planned system maintenance. Creatinine: Creatinine’s normal value should be at 0. Normal lab values are hard to keep straight. com makes it easy to get the grade you want!. The other caveat to lab values is that each institution has its own set of normal value ranges. And actually, while I do it, I'm actually. Normal ranges are: Urea3. For example a pH of 7. CRITICAL LAB VALUES. on-line searching has currently gone a protracted means; it's modified the way customers and entrepreneurs do business th. Sign up to get the FREE cheat sheet library, plus I'll send you more goodies and special offers every week. Checkout the samples to see our areas of expertise. We find the extent of resection of the tracheal carina in DB12 to be approximately normal with m=2. CARDIAC LAB VALUES Creatine Kinase aka Creatine Phosphokinase (CK) - Levels rise 4 to 8 hours after an acute MI (Myocardial Infarction), peaking at 16 to 30 hours and returning to. Take5: Laboratory Values Use this handy cheat-sheet to help you monitor laboratory values related to fluid and electrolyte status. While taking and passing the licensing exam is the next major hurdle, relaxing and having a little fun is important too. Kern on normal lab values for children: for concern. ABGs provide information about acid-base balance and the levels of O2 and CO2 in the blood. are knowledgeable about the different procedures and their values and results to make informed clinical decisions. No need to memorize lab values with this great cheat tool. 2ºC 5 year old oral – 98. Consult your local laboratory for guidelines as to normal values. Evaluation of effectiveness of the nursing intervention. In cases of suspected acute pancreatic disease, measurement of serum or urine AML is the most important laboratory test. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: